Cycladic art encompasses the visual art of the ancient Cycladic civilization, which flourished in the islands of the Aegean Sea from 3300 – 2000 BCE. Along with the Minoans and Mycenaeans, the Cycladic people are counted among the three major Aegean cultures. Cycladic art therefore comprises one of the three main branches of Aegean art.The best-known art of this period are the marble figures usually called “idols” or “figurines”, though neither name is exactly accurate: the former term suggests a religious function which is by no means agreed on by experts, and the latter doesn’t properly apply to the largest figures, which are nearly life size. These marble figures are seen scattered around the Aegean, suggesting that these figures were popular amongst the people of Crete and mainland Greece.The majority of these figures, however, are highly stylized representations of the female human form, typically having a flat, geometric quality which gives them a striking resemblance to today’s modern art. However, this may be a modern misconception as there is evidence that the idols were originally brightly painted. A majority of the figurines are female, depicted nude, and with arms folded across the stomach. Most writers who have considered these artifacts from an anthropological or psychological viewpoint have assumed that they are representative of a Great Goddess of nature, in a tradition continuous with that of Neolithic female figures such as the Venus of Willendorf.The King represents a strong male figure with minimal broad shoulders whereas the idol of Queen is devoted to the most significant period in a woman’s life, pregnancy. The Bishop figure has indicative lines with hands under chest and legs together. The Knight is a horse from the war of Troy, found on the bas-relief decoration of a vase in Mykonos Island. The Castle is a replica of the massive 2500-year old marble temple entrance, which is still the landmark of Naxos Island. Finally, the Pawn is the head of the most known marble idol of this period.
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